Quadratic Signaling Games with Channel Combining Ratio


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Saritas S. , Stavrou P. A. , Thobaben R., Skoglund M.

IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), ELECTR NETWORK, 12 - 20 July 2021, pp.2690-2695 identifier identifier

Abstract

In this study, Nash and Stackelberg equilibria of single-stage and multi-stage quadratic signaling games between an encoder and a decoder are investigated. In the considered setup, the objective functions of the encoder and the decoder are misaligned, there is a noisy channel between the encoder and the decoder, the encoder has a soft power constraint, and the decoder has also noisy observation of the source to be estimated. We show that there exist only linear encoding and decoding strategies at the Stackelberg equilibrium, and derive the equilibrium strategies and costs. Regarding the Nash equilibrium, we explicitly characterize affine equilibria for the single-stage setup and show that the optimal encoder (resp. decoder) is affine for an affine decoder (resp. encoder) for the multi-stage setup. On the decoder side, between the information coming from the encoder and noisy observation of the source, our results describe what should be the combining ratio of these two channels. Regarding the encoder, we derive the conditions under which it is meaningful to transmit a message.