alpha-Fe2O3/TiO2 heterogeneous composites were synthesized by the sol-gel process to increase the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. The structural, morphological, and optical characteristics of the composites were determined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Results revealed that the incorporation of alpha-Fe2O3 to TiO2 widened the visible light absorption ability of TiO2. It was realized that the calcination temperature plays a crucial role in morphology development hence photocatalytic activity of the alpha-Fe2O3/TiO2 heterogeneous composites. The photocatalytic activity of the composites calcined at various temperatures was evaluated for the degradation of Methylene Blue (MB) and Phenol (Ph) in aqueous medium under UV and sun-like illuminations. The alpha-Fe2O3-TiO2 composites exhibits superior photocatalytic efficiency to degrade both MB and Ph as compared to both pristine TiO2 and pristine alpha-Fe2O3 under sun-like illumination. The alpha-Fe2O3/TiO2 composite degraded approximately 90 % of MB and 50 % of Ph in 180 min sun-like illumination. Improvement in photocatalytic activity is attributed to the separation of photogenerated electron/hole pairs through the interaction of alpha-Fe(2)O(3 )and TiO2.