An Electrochemical Procedure for Copper Removal from Regenerated Pickling Solutions of Steel Plants

Karakaya E., Aras M. S., ERDOĞAN M., Karagul S. C., Ersoy M. K., KARAKAYA İ.

Energy Technologies Symposium, Arizona, United States Of America, 11 - 15 March 2018, pp.275-281 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-72362-4_24
  • City: Arizona
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.275-281
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Pickling is the treatment of metal surfaces by removing oxide layer, rust, scale, inorganic contaminants or other impurities from ferrous metals, copper or precious metals. A strong inorganic acid such as hydrochloric acid is used for plain carbon or low alloy steel pickling. When the concentration of copper in the pickling solution exceeds about 100 mg/L, reversion may take place and randomly plating of copper onto the steel strips which causes visual incompatibility occur. Furthermore, efficiency of pickling decreases with the increase of copper content. The reversion may be delayed to higher Cu concentrations by adding fresh acid to the line. Increased acid consumption only delays the time to discard the solution but increases the cost and hazardous nature effect on the environment. An experimental electrochemical procedure has been conducted to remove copper from pickling solution to reduce the concentration below 100 mg/L. Within this scope, effects of applied current density, copper concentration and electrolysis duration on copper deposition were studied. Current density was determined as the most effective parameter to remove copper from the regenerated pickling solutions of steel plants.