Heteropolyacid Incorporated Bifunctional Core-Shell Catalysts for Dimethyl Ether Synthesis from Carbon Dioxide/Syngas

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CATALYSTS, vol.12, no.10, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/catal12101102
  • Journal Name: CATALYSTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: dimethyl ether, methanol, carbon dioxide, core-shell catalyst, silicotungstic acid, CO2 HYDROGENATION, DME SYNTHESIS, METHANOL, SYNGAS, PERFORMANCE, NANOPARTICLES, CONVERSION, ALCOHOLS, SURFACE, RATIO
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Core-shell-type catalysts, which are synthesized by encapsulating the Cu-ZnO-Alumina type methanol synthesis catalyst (CZA) by silicotungstic acid (STA)-incorporated mesoporous alumina, were prepared following a hydrothermal route and tested in DME synthesis from syngas and CO2. Activity tests, which were performed in the pressure range of 30-50 bar, and the temperature range of 200-300 degrees C, with different feed compositions (CO2/CO/H-2: 50/-/50, 40/10/50, 25/25/50, 10/40/50) showed that the best-operating conditions for the highest DME yield were 275 degrees C and 50 bar. Results proved that the presence of CO2 in the syngas had a positive effect on the DME yield. The total conversion of CO + CO2 increased with an increase in CO2/CO ratio. An overall conversion of CO + CO2 and DME selectivity values were obtained as 65.6% and 73.2%, respectively, with a feed composition of H-2/CO2/CO = 50/40/10. Synthesis of methanol using the CZA catalyst from the CO2-containing gas mixtures was also investigated, and the total conversion of CO + CO2 and methanol selectivity values of 32.0% and 83.6%, respectively, were obtained with the H-2/CO2/CO = 50/40/10 gas mixture. Results proved that the new STA incorporated core-shell-type bifunctional catalysts were highly promising for the conversion of CO(2-)containing syngas to DME.