A facile synthesis of 6-chloro-2-methylene-2,3-dihydro-1,4-oxazepines from N-propargylic beta-enaminones

Ibis O., ZORA M.

TETRAHEDRON, cilt.76, sa.48, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 76 Konu: 48
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.tet.2020.131650
  • Dergi Adı: TETRAHEDRON


A new and efficient method for the synthesis of 6-chloro-substituted 2-methylene-2,3-dihydro-1,4-oxazepines has been demonstrated. Upon treatment with N-chlorosuccinimide in acetonitrile, N-propargylic beta-enaminones underwent chlorination to afford alpha-chlorinated N-propargylic beta-enaminones, which was then subjected to electrophilic cyclization with zinc chloride in refluxing chloroform to yield 6-chloro-2-methylene-2,3-dihydro-1,4-oxazepines. It was shown for the first time that on N-propargylic beta-enaminone systems, alpha-chlorination exclusively preponderates over the formation of chloronium ion. The method was found to be general for a diversity of N-propargylic beta-enaminones and tolerated the presence of a wide range of aryl, heteroaryl and alkyl groups with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents. The method was also applicable as the one-pot two-step process without isolating the intermediate alpha-chlorinated N-propargylic beta-enaminones. This operationally easy method may provide a rapid entry to a library of highly functionalized 6-chloro-2-methylene-2,3-dihydro-1,4-oxazepines with potential medicinal applications for human health. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.