The influence of polymerization temperature on structure and properties of polyaniline

Yilmaz F., Kucukyavuz Z.

E-POLYMERS, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Name: E-POLYMERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The influence of polymerization temperature (from -25 to +25 degrees C) on molecular weight, crystallinity, electrical conductivity, thermal and morphological properties of polyaniline has been investigated. Aniline was oxidized in an aqueous medium with ammonium persulfate and 1.0 M hydrochloric acid. The reaction mixture freezes below -10 degrees C and hence lithium chloride was used in sufficient amount to prevent freezing. As the reaction temperature decreases, both the molecular weight of polyaniline and its crystallinity increase. Thermal studies show a common three step decomposition pattern irrespective of the temperature used during synthesis. The morphology of polyaniline changes from granular (reaction in liquid medium) to tubular (polymerization in the frozen state). Thermal analysis indicated that the polyaniline stability increased with decreasing synthesis temperatures. Electrical conductivity of polyaniline was found to be independent of the polymerization temperature and, consequently, of the molecular weight.