PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, vol.29, no.9, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
In this paper, we have considered the non-linear effects arising due to the collision of incident and reflected internal wave beams. It has already been shown analytically [Tabaei et al., "Nonlinear effects in reflecting and colliding internal wave beams," J. Fluid Mech. 526, 217-243 (2005)] and numerically [Rodenborn et al., "Harmonic generation by reflecting internal waves," Phys. Fluids 23, 026601 (2011)] that the internal wave beam collision generates the higher harmonics and mean flow in a linear stratification. In this paper, similar to previous analytical work, small amplitude wave theory is employed; however, it is formulated from energetics perspective which allows considering internal wave beams as the product of slowly varying amplitude and fast complex exponential. As a result, the mean energy propagation equation for the second harmonic wave is obtained. Finally, a similar dependence on the angle of incidence is obtained for the non-linear energy transfer to the second harmonic with previous analyses. A possible physical mechanism for this angle dependence on the second harmonic generation is also discussed here. In addition to previous studies, the viscous effects are also included in the mean energy propagation equation for the incident, the reflecting, and the second harmonic waves. Moreover, even though the mean flow obtained here is only confined to the interaction region, it is also affected by viscosity via the decay in the incident and the reflecting internal wave beams. Furthermore, a framework for the non-linear harmonic generation in non-linear stratification is also proposed here. Published by AIP Publishing.