Chronic Procrastination Among Turkish Adults: Exploring Decisional, Avoidant, and Arousal Styles

Ferrari J. R., Ozer B. U., Demir A. G.

JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol.149, no.3, pp.402-407, 2009 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 149 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3200/socp.149.3.402-408
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.402-407
  • Keywords: arousal procrastination, avoidant procrastination, decisional procrastination, demographic properties, Turkish adults
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The authors examined the prevalence of chronic procrastination (decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles) as functions of demographic variables among 354 Turkish adults (148 men, 206 women; M age = 38.7 years, SD = 8.26 years). Prevalence analyses showed that among Turkish participants, 17.5% were indecisive procrastinators, 13.8% were avoidant procrastinators, and 14.7% were arousal procrastinators. Results did not yield significant differences for gender or age on any forms of procrastination, which is consistent with other international samples. However, significant differences emerged depending on the number of children such that Turkish adults who had more than 3 children claimed to be more indecisive than they claimed to be arousal or avoidant procrastinators. Respondents with less than a graduate degree reported higher rates of indecision than did respondents with at least a graduate degree.