Effect of high hydrostatic pressure and high dynamic pressure on stability and rheological properties of model oil-in-water emulsions


BIGIKOCIN E., MERT B. , ALPAS H.

HIGH PRESSURE RESEARCH, vol.31, no.3, pp.462-474, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08957959.2011.589842
  • Title of Journal : HIGH PRESSURE RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.462-474
  • Keywords: oil-in-water emulsions, high hydrostatic pressure, high dynamic pressure, emulsion stability, rheology, WHEY PROTEINS, POLYMERIZATION

Abstract

Both static and dynamic high pressure applications provide interesting modifications in food structures which lead to new product formulations. In this study, the effects of two different treatments, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and high dynamic pressure (HDP), on oil-in-water emulsions were identified and compared. Microfluidization was selected from among the HDP homogenization techniques. The performance of each process was analyzed in terms of rheological modifications and emulsion stability improvements compared with the coarse emulsions. The stability of the emulsions was determined comparatively by using an analytical photo-centrifuge device employing novel analysis technology. Whey protein isolate (WPI) in combination with a food polysaccharide (xanthan gum, guar gum or locust bean gum) were used as emulsifying and stabilizing ingredients. The effective disruption of oil droplets and the degradation of polysaccharides by the shear forces under high pressure in HDP microfluidization yielded finer emulsions with lower viscosities, leading to distinctive improvements in emulsion stability. On the other hand, improvements in stability obtained with HHP treatment were due to the thickening of the emulsions mainly induced by protein unfolding. The corresponding increases in viscosity were intensified in emulsion formulations containing higher oil content. Apart from these, HHP treatment was found to be relatively more contributive to the enhancements in viscoelastic properties.