Sensitive Metamaterial Sensor for Distinction of Authentic and Inauthentic Fuel Samples

Tumkaya M. A. , Dincer F., KARAASLAN M., Sabah C.

JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, vol.46, no.8, pp.4955-4962, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11664-017-5485-x
  • Page Numbers: pp.4955-4962
  • Keywords: Metamaterial, fuel sensor, gasoline, diesel


A metamaterial-based sensor has been realized to distinguish authentic and inauthentic fuel samples in the microwave frequency regime. Unlike the many studies in literature on metamaterial-based sensor applications, this study focuses on a compact metamaterial-based sensor operating in the X-band frequency range. Firstly, electromagnetic properties of authentic and inauthentic fuel samples were obtained experimentally in a laboratory environment. Secondly, these experimental results were used to design and create a highly efficient metamaterial-based sensor with easy fabrication characteristics and simple design structure. The experimental results for the sensor were in good agreement with the numerical ones. The proposed sensor offers a more efficient design and can be used to detect fuel and multiple other liquids in various application fields from medical to military areas in several frequency regimes.