Metamaterial-based high efficiency portable sensor application for determining branded and unbranded fuel oil

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Tumkaya M. A. , KARAASLAN M., Sabah C.

BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.41, no.4, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12034-018-1605-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Keywords: Metamaterials, sensors, fuel oil sensing, portable branded and unbranded gasoline sensors


In this study, we have developed an efficient metamaterial (MTM)-based portable fuel oil sensor in order to distinguish branded and unbranded fuel-oil samples. Electromagnetic properties of the fuel-oil samples are experimentally obtained and these data are defined in numerical analysis to design and test the performance of MTM sensor. Then, simulated MTM-based sensor structure is fabricated and measured to observe the efficiency and agreement to numerical results. Numerical and experimental studies are conducted in the microwave frequencies of 10-11 GHz. The experiment results are in accordance with the simulation ones. It can be seen from the results that the proposed MTM-based sensor can be implemented into the sensor industry for distinguishing the branded and unbranded fuel oil for several frequency regions.