Sliding contact on the interface of elastic body and rigid surface using a single block Burridge-Knopoff model

Amireghbali A., ÇÖKER D.

9th International Conference on Tribology (Balkantrib), Turkey, 13 - 15 September 2017, vol.295 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 295
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1757-899x/295/1/012031
  • Country: Turkey
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Burridge and Knopoff proposed a mass-spring model to explore interface dynamics along a fault during an earthquake. The Burridge and Knopoff (BK) model is composed of a series of blocks of equal mass connected to each other by springs of same stiffness. The blocks also are attached to a rigid driver via another set of springs that pulls them at a constant velocity against a rigid substrate. They studied dynamics of interface for an especial case with ten blocks and a specific set of fault properties. In our study effects of Coulomb and rate-state dependent friction laws on the dynamics of a single block BK model is investigated. The model dynamics is formulated as a system of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations in state-space form which lends itself to numerical integration methods, e.g. Runge-Kutta procedure for solution. The results show that the rate and state dependent friction law has the potential of triggering dynamic patterns that are different from those under Coulomb law.