"The Best of Both Worlds!": Integration of Web Page and Eye Tracking Data Driven Approaches for Automatic AOI Detection


Eraslan S., Yesilada Y., Harper S.

ACM TRANSACTIONS ON THE WEB, vol.14, no.1, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1145/3372497
  • Title of Journal : ACM TRANSACTIONS ON THE WEB
  • Keywords: Web page segmentation, visual element, visual block, segment, region of interest, ROI, PATTERNS, REGION

Abstract

Web pages are composed of different kinds of elements (menus, adverts, etc.). Segmenting pages into their elements has long been important in understanding how people experience those pages and in making those experiences "better." Many approaches have been proposed that relate the resultant elements with the underlying source code; however, they do not consider users' interactions. Another group of approaches analyses eye movements of users to discover areas that interest or attract them (i.e., areas of interest or AOIs). Although these approaches consider how users interact with web pages, they do not relate AOIs with the underlying source code. We propose a novel approach that integrates web page and eye tracking data driven approaches for automatic AOI detection. This approach segments an entire web page into its AOIs by considering users' interactions and relates AOIs with the underlying source code. Based on the Adjusted Rand Index measure, our approach provides the most similar segmentation to the ground-truth segmentation compared to its individual components.