Production of Cellulase and Xylanase Enzymes Using Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) by Trichoderma reeseiat Shake-Flask Scale and the Validation in the Benchtop Scale Bioreactor

Cekmecelioglu D., Demirci A.

WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION, vol.11, pp.6575-6584, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12649-020-00934-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.6575-6584
  • Keywords: Cellulase, Xylanase, DDGS, Submerged fermentation, Trichoderma reesei, SOLID-STATE FERMENTATION, STATISTICAL OPTIMIZATION, SUGARCANE BAGASSE, FIBER, HYDROLYSIS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Most of the corn-ethanol plants use dry-mill process and generate large volume of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as the co-product. The DDGS is a promising feedstock with rich content of cellulose and xylan. The goal of this study was to optimize cellulase and xylanase production byTrichoderma reesei(NRRL 6156) using DDGS as the carbon source at shake-flask and validate the results at benchtop bioreactors. The fermentation medium containing varied amounts of dilute-acid pretreated DDGS, yeast extract, and peptone were optimized for maximal enzyme production at 30 degrees C, pH 5.0 and 180 rpm with 3% (v/v) inoculum using Box-Behnken response surface methodology (RSM). Co-production of xylanase and cellulase enzymes was not achieved in the same medium; higher DDGS hydrolysate favored cellulase enzyme only while lower amount induced the xylanase enzyme. Based on the RSM results, maximal xylanase of 18.5 IU/mL was predicted with 5% DDGS hydrolysate, 0.1 g/L yeast extract, and 2 g/L peptone, while maximal cellulase of 1.1 IU/mL was predicted with 20% DDGS hydrolysate, 1 g/L yeast extract, and 0.5 g/L peptone. Of the two developed models from shake-flasks, xylanase model validated successfully the fermenter results giving 18.7 IU/mL of experimental xylanase in 1.5-L working volume bioreactor.