in: Green Building Management and Smart Automation, Arun Solanki,Anand Nayyar, Editor, IGI Global, Pennsylvania, pp.90-110, 2020
There is a growing universal awareness of protecting the living and non-living environment and making
enlightened decisions to achieve a sustainable development without destruction of the natural resources.
In this point of view, selecting building materials according to their energy and health performances
gains importance in sustainable design. 3Rs (reducing, reusing, recycling), and supplying a healthy, nonhazardous
indoor air for building occupants are two important parameters of environmental life-cycle
assessment for materials. Information on exposure to gases and vapors from synthetic materials made
from petrochemicals, to heavy metals and pesticides, and to some combustion pollutants that cause acid
rain should be determined by analyzing environmental product declarations or material specifications.
After studying on building materials individually, they are analyzed in the form of tables for four different
stages; manufacturing, application, usage, demolition phase. Consequently, this chapter can guide
the designer and engineer to think on the elements of design and construction activity.