BALMAN Ş. , Godon P., Sion E. M.

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol.794, no.1, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 794 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1888/0004-637x/794/1/84
  • Title of Journal : ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
  • Keywords: accretion, accretion disks, binaries: close, novae, cataclysmic variables, white dwarfs, X-rays: individual (MV Lyr, Bz Cam, V592 Cas), UV RESONANCE LINES, BOUNDARY-LAYER, ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY, SPECTRAL SIGNATURES, ACCRETION DISKS, TIME-DEPENDENCE, DWARF NOVAE, OLD NOVA, EMISSION, WIND


We present a total of similar to 45 ks (3 x 15 ks) of Swift X-Ray Telescope (XRT) observations for three nonmagnetic nova-like (NL) cataclysmic variables (CVs; MV Lyr, BZ Cam, V592 Cas) in order to study characteristics of boundary layers (BLs) in CVs. The nonmagnetic NLs are found mostly in a state of high mass accretion rate (>= 1 x 10(-9) M circle dot yr(-1)), and some show occasional low states. Using the XRT data, we find optically thin multiple-temperature cooling flow type emission spectra with X-ray temperatures (kT(max)) of 21-50 keV. These hard X-rayemitting BLs diverge from simple isobaric cooling flows, indicating X-ray temperatures that are of virial values in the disk. In addition, we detect power-law emission components from MV Lyr and BZ Cam and plausibly from V592 Cas, which may be a result of the Compton scattering of the optically thin emission from the fast wind outflows in these systems and/or Compton upscattering of the soft disk photons. The X-ray luminosities of the (multitemperature) thermal plasma emission in the 0.1-50.0 keV range are (0.9-5.0) x 10(32) erg s(-1). The ratio of the X-ray and disk luminosities (calculated from the UV optical wavelengths) yields an efficiency (L-x/L-disk) similar to 0.01-0.001. Given this non-radiative ratio for the X-ray-emitting BLs with no significant optically thick blackbody emission in the soft X-rays (consistent with ROSAT observations), together with the high/virial X-ray temperatures, we suggest that high-state NL systems may have optically thin BLs merged with ADAF-like flows and/or X-ray coronae. In addition, we note that the axisymmetric bipolar and/or rotation-dominated fast-wind outflows detected in these three NLs (particularly BZ Cam and V592 Cas) or some other NL may also be explained in the context of ADAF-like BL regions.