Distinct patterns of sedimentary phosphorus fractionation and mobilization in the seafloor of the Black Sea, Marmara Sea and Mediterranean Sea


Science of the Total Environment, vol.863, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 863
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160936
  • Journal Name: Science of the Total Environment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Sedimentary phosphorus cycle, Potentially mobile phosphorus, Organic carbon, Black Sea, Marmara Sea, Northeastern Mediterranean Sea, AUTHIGENIC APATITE FORMATION, ORGANIC-CARBON, PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY, MOBILE PHOSPHORUS, WATER INTERFACE, LEVANTINE BASIN, NUTRIENT, IRON, SPECIATION, OXIDATION
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier B.V.Phosphorus (P) is a key element to all life that is used for structural and functional component of all organisms. The cycling of sedimentary P may differ depending on the redox-conditions of the overlying waters affecting the dynamics, and distribution of P-fractions and the elements that are highly coupled to P cycle. Though biogeochemistry of water column in the three interconnected marine basins of Black, Marmara and Mediterranean Seas have been studied extensively, few studies were carried out to understand sedimentary P dynamics in these regions. In this study, therefore, the biogeochemical cycling of sedimentary P and related variables such as porewater nutrients, sedimentary organic carbon, nitrogen and reactive iron were studied in selected sites at the three interconnected marine basins: Black Sea, Marmara and Northeastern (NE) Mediterranean Sea. The pool of “potentially mobile P” was also determined for the studied sites. The study results showed that porewater and sediment biogeochemistry displayed great variability in the studied sites with the maximum concentrations of porewater phosphate, ammonium, reactive silicate, surface sediment organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and total phosphorus (TP) measured in the hypoxic Marmara Sea and suboxic/anoxic Black Sea. The decline in the TP concentrations of all sediment core samples indicated P-mobilization to the overlying water. The pool of “potentially mobile P” varied between 0.023 and 0.148 mol/m2 in the studied sites with the maximum values recorded in suboxic and anoxic/sulfidic parts of the Black Sea. This study predicts that the deoxygenation and eutrophication would further lead to the preferential release of P in these three interconnected marine basins, hence changing the remineralization, N/P molar ratios and eventually transform the deep-water nutrient stocks with implications for internal N/P control on marine ecosystems.