Pelagic functional group modeling: Progress, challenges and prospects


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Hood R. R. , Laws E. A. , Armstrong R. A. , Bates N. R. , Brown C. W. , Carlson C. A. , ...More

DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, vol.53, pp.459-512, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 53
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.01.025
  • Title of Journal : DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY
  • Page Numbers: pp.459-512
  • Keywords: biogeochemical modeling, nitrogen fixation, denitrification, silica production, calcification, dimethylsulfide production, DISSOLVED ORGANIC-MATTER, COCCOLITHOPHORE EMILIANIA-HUXLEYI, DIMETHYL SULFIDE PRODUCTION, PHYSICAL-BIOLOGICAL MODEL, CALCIUM-CARBONATE SATURATION, OXYGEN-DEFICIENT CONDITIONS, EASTERN EQUATORIAL PACIFIC, MARINE NITROGEN-FIXATION, NET COMMUNITY PRODUCTION, SIMULATED CLIMATE-CHANGE

Abstract

In this paper, we review the state of the art and major challenges in current efforts to incorporate biogeochemical functional groups into models that can be applied on basin-wide and global scales, with an emphasis on models that might ultimately be used to predict how biogeochernical cycles in the ocean will respond to global warming. We define the term "biogeochemical functional group" to refer to groups of organisms that mediate specific chemical reactions in the ocean. Thus, according to this definition, "functional groups" have no phylogenetic meaning-these are composed of many different species with common biogeochemical functions.