Academic attributional style, self-efficacy and gender: A cross-cultural comparison


METİN CAMGÖZ S., ÖZKAN TEKTAŞ Ö., Metin I.

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, vol.36, no.1, pp.97-114, 2008 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.2224/sbp.2008.36.1.97
  • Journal Name: SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.97-114
  • Keywords: academic attributional style, self-efficacy, culture, gender, attributional style dimensions, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, DEPRESSION, PERFORMANCE, ACHIEVEMENT, PREDICTORS, SEX, PERSONALITY, MOTIVATION, AMERICAN, BELIEFS

Abstract

The relationships between academic attributional style (AAS), self-efficacy, gender and culture were investigated in this study. Three research questions "Is AAS influenced by self-efficacy, gender and culture?", "Does AAS operate in the same way in two different cultures?", and "How do AAS dimensions (internality, stability, globality) vary?" were examined with a sample of 261 university students studying in Turkey and Britain. Regression results showed that gender and culture were separately significant predictors of pessimistic AAS. However, self-efficacy did not add significantly to the prediction of AAS. Regarding AAS dimensions, MANOVA revealed a significant main effect of culture, suggesting that British students have more pessimistic attributional styles characterized by the internality dimension in explanations of negative events. Suggestions for future studies are discussed.