A strategy to enhance AGC performance of power systems that suffer inter-area oscillations and a case study for Turkish power system

Tanidir O., Cebeci M. E. , Gencoglu C., Tor O. B.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS, vol.43, no.1, pp.941-953, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2012.06.047
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.941-953


Sufficient fast secondary reserve and its adequate dynamic activation are the key factors in satisfying automatic generation control (AGC) performance of a power system. Dynamic activation of the secondary reserves should also not introduce any negative damping to inter-area oscillations. This study presents a strategy to enhance AGC performance of a power system considering these concerns. Objective function is minimizing the amount of fast secondary reserves to mitigate ancillary service cost. The constraints are; AGC performance indices should be acceptable and AGC parameter settings should be adequate for inter-area oscillation concerns. In order to facilitate dynamic simulations, it is proposed to utilize a representative single bus common frequency dynamic model (SBCFDM) of the power system. The proposed strategy is based on optimizing the AGC parameters only for the time horizon when the loads are fluctuating most. Adequacy of the optimized AGC parameters are checked only for the worst loading scenario from inter-area oscillations concern point of view. It is showed that dynamic allocation of the secondary reserves twice a day is sufficient for satisfactory results. The proposed strategy is verified by its application to Turkish power system which suffers significant amount of fluctuating loads and inter-area oscillations with ENTSO/E grid. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.