Selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur over Ce-V mixed oxide and CeO2 catalysts prepared by the complexation technique

Yasyerli S., Dogu G., Dogu T.

CATALYSIS TODAY, vol.117, pp.271-278, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 117
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cattod.2006.05.030
  • Journal Name: CATALYSIS TODAY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-278
  • Keywords: H2S, selective oxidation, ceria, CeVO4, Claus process, XPS, HYDROGEN-SULFIDE, CU-V, REMOVAL, MO, DEHYDROGENATION, ETHANE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur was investigated in a fixed bed reactor using Ce-V mixed oxides and cerium oxide (CeO2) catalytic materials prepared by the complexation technique. The Ce-V mixed oxide with a V/Ce atomic ratio of one and with the CeVO4 crystal structure gave very high sulfur selectivity values (close to one) at almost complete conversion of H2S, for O-2/H2S mote ratios close to 0.5. Best operation temperature was found as 250 degrees C with this catalyst. CeO2 gave lower selectivities, causing the formation of some SO2, even at substoichiometric O-2/H2S feed ratios. It also showed a fast deactivation due to the partial sulfidation of the catalyst surface during the reaction. XPS analysis of the fresh and the used catalysts containing different V/Ce ratios strongly indicated that the selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur over the Ce-V mixed oxides involved a redox cycle of cerium, rather than a redox cycle of vanadium. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.