Urban Form and Sustainable Transport: Lessons from the Ankara Case


BABALIK SUTCLIFFE E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION, vol.7, no.5, pp.416-430, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15568318.2012.676152
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.416-430
  • Keywords: sustainable form, sustainable transport, urban form, BUILT ENVIRONMENTS, CHALLENGES

Abstract

There is growing awareness that urban form and the density, diversity and design of development have significant effects on travel behavior and car usage. Compactness and corridor development, particularly when supported with a mix of different land uses, can result in sustainable transport patterns. The planning experience of Ankara contributes to these arguments, since studies from the 1970s onwards promoted corridor development for the city, with a significant focus on bringing homes and workplaces together. The paper assesses this experience and discusses the effectiveness of, as well as challenges to, planning approaches that promote sustainable urban patterns.