EARLY LIVES The Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age at Cadir Hoyuk

Steadman S. R. , Hackley L. D. , Selover S., Yildirim B., von Baeyer M., Arbuckle B. S. , ...More

JOURNAL OF EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY AND HERITAGE STUDIES, vol.7, no.3, pp.271-298, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5325/jeasmedarcherstu.7.3.0271
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-298
  • Keywords: Late Chalcolithic, transition, endurance, Uruk System, Kura-Araxes, HUSBANDRY


Cadir Hoyuk, located in the Yozgat Province of the north-central Anatolian plateau, was continuously occupied from the late sixth millennium BCE until at least the thirteenth century CE. This article focuses on the fourth millennium BCE during which the Uruk System in southern Mesopotamia emerged, flourished and then retracted, and the Kura-Araxes culture from Transcaucasia ventured into Anatolia and the Levant. A dose investigation of the cadir settlement reveals a population that embraced the opportunities afforded it through the expanded trade and intercultural connections available during the millennium; the community transitioned into new socioeconomic patterns accompanied by changes in socioreligious and possibly sociopolitical behaviors. The disappearance of such opportunities at the end of the fourth millennium, rather than decimating a village that had come to rely on them, revealed the resilience of the community as it once again reoriented its focus to more local endeavors.