The Prognostic Value of Angiogenic Markers in Twin Pregnancies to Predict Delivery Due to Maternal Complications of Preeclampsia


Binder J., Palmrich P., Pateisky P., Kalafat E., Kussel L., Zeisler H., ...Daha Fazla

HYPERTENSION, cilt.76, ss.176-183, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

The sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1), PlGF (placental growth factor), and their ratio are useful for predicting delivery because of preeclampsia in singleton pregnancies. Evidence on the utility of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio in twin pregnancies is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for delivery because of preeclampsia in twins. A retrospective data analysis of 164 twin pregnancies with suspected preeclampsia was performed. The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio, which was known to clinicians, was significantly higher in women who delivered within 1 and 2 weeks compared with those who did not (median: 98.9 and 84.2 versus 23.5 pg/mL, respectively;P<0.001). The area under the curve values sFlt-1/PlGF ratio levels were 0.88 (95% CI, 0.83-0.84) and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.83-0.93) for predicting delivery because of preeclampsia within 1 and 2 weeks of blood sampling, respectively. The predictive accuracy of sFlt-1/PlGF was independent of gestational age at sampling and chorionicity (P>0.100 for interaction). The area under the curve values of sFlt-1/PlGF were significantly higher than for PlGF alone (mean 0.88 and 0.88 versus 0.81 and 0.80) for predicting delivery because of preeclampsia within 1 and 2 weeks of blood sampling (P=0.055 and 0.001, respectively). sFlt-1/PlGF ratio lower than 38 was able to rule-out delivery within 1 and 2 weeks with a negative predictive value of 98.8% and 96.4% for delivery because of preeclampsia within 1 and 2 weeks, respectively. A cutoff of 38 is applicable for ruling out delivery because of preeclampsia in twin pregnancies.