Straight from the horse's mouth Agreement attraction effects with Turkish possessors


LAGO S., Gracanin Yüksek M., SAFAK D. F. , Demir O., KIRKICI B., FELSER C.

LINGUISTIC APPROACHES TO BILINGUALISM, vol.9, no.3, pp.398-426, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1075/lab.17019.lag
  • Journal Name: LINGUISTIC APPROACHES TO BILINGUALISM
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.398-426
  • Keywords: agreement attraction, bilingualism, Turkish, NUMBER AGREEMENT, COMPREHENSION, INTERFERENCE, GENDER, MEMORY, BILINGUALS, RETRIEVAL, PROFILES, SPEAKERS, ENGLISH
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We investigated the comprehension of subject-verb agreement in Turkish-German bilinguals using two tasks. The first task elicited speeded judgments to verb number violations in sentences that contained plural genitive modifiers. We addressed whether these modifiers elicited attraction errors, which have supported the use of a memory retrieval mechanism in monolingual comprehension studies. The second task examined the comprehension of a language-specific constraint of Turkish against plural-marked verbs with overt plural subjects. Bilinguals showed a reduced application of this constraint, as compared to Turkish monolinguals. Critically, both groups showed similar rates of attraction, but the bilingual group accepted ungrammatical sentences more often. We propose that the similarity in attraction rates supports the use of the same retrieval mechanism, but that bilinguals have more problems than monolinguals in the mapping of morphological to abstract agreement features during speeded comprehension, which results in increased acceptability of ungrammatical sentences.