Effect of temperature on band gap of PbWO4 single crystals grown by Czochralski method

Isik M., Hasanlı N., Darvishov N. H. , Bagiev V. E.

PHYSICA SCRIPTA, vol.97, no.4, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1402-4896/ac576e
  • Journal Name: PHYSICA SCRIPTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: PbWO4, optical properties, tungstate, transmittance, OPTICAL CHARACTERIZATION, SCHEELITE, METHANE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The structural and optical properties of PbWO4 single crystals grown by Czochralski method and investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission experiments. XRD pattern presented well-defined and intensive peaks related with tetragonal scheelite structure. Transmission experiments were accomplished for the first time at various temperatures between 10 and 300 K on PbWO4 single crystals to reveal variation of band gap with temperature. Derivative spectroscopy method presented the experimentally observed band gap energy as increasing from 3.20 to 3.35 eV when the temperature was decreased to 10 K from room temperature. The revealed energy was associated with transition taking place between delocalized and trap levels. Temperature-band gap energy plot was analyzed by Varshni and Bose-Einstein models. The fitting processes under the light of these models revealed optical characteristics of absolute zero experimentally observed band gap, variation rate of gap energy with temperature and Debye temperature of PbWO4 single crystal.