Tailoring Choices Made in Scrum Projects: A Systematic Literature Review

Özkan Ö., Özcan Top Ö.

The Joint Conference of the 31st International Workshop on Software Measurement and the 16th International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement 2022, İzmir, Turkey, 28 - 30 September 2022, vol.3272, pp.1-13

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 3272
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Among various Agile Software Development (ASD) methods, Scrum is one of the most widely adopted ones. The Scrum Guide gives a clear description of the Scrum practices, artifacts, and roles. However, due to various project characteristics such as team size, team distribution, project domain, technology, and requirement stability levels, Scrum practices need to be tailored. In this study, we performed a Systematic Literature Review to understand how software development companies adopt Scrum into their contexts, and explore the tailoring choices made in Scrum practices, roles and artifacts. The results of this SLR show that most organizations tailor the existing Scrum components by either not implementing a specific practice, role, or an artifact or modifying the duration limits of the practices. We specified that there are limited number of studies reporting successful Scrum adoptions. Most of the studies in our paper pool report that the tailored Scrum components cause difficulties in getting customer feedback on time, not understanding the sprint goal well enough, having an unordered, unclear product and sprint backlog, and an increase in project failures.