Effects of different drying temperatures on the physical and mechanical properties of some marbles (Mugla, Turkey) during salt crystallization tests


ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, vol.75, no.11, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12665-016-5806-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Drying temperature, Marble, Physical and mechanical properties, Salt crystallization, Mugla, Turkey, THERMAL-DEGRADATION, STONES, DETERIORATION, DECAY, FIRE, DURABILITY, LIMESTONES, EXPANSION, TUFF
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to understand the effects of drying temperatures during sodium sulphate salt crystallization tests on the physico-mechanical properties of some Mug. la marbles. Four commercially available and extensively used Turkish marbles, namely Mug. la white, Milas white, Derebag white and Milas Pearl, having different textural properties were subjected to sodium sulphate salt crystallization tests with 30, 60 and 100 degrees C drying temperatures. The change in the physico-mechanical properties of the marbles including weight, dry and saturated unit weights, water absorption, effective porosity, dry and saturated sonic velocities and dry uniaxial compressive strength has been determined for various stages of the salt crystallization tests. The results were evaluated in terms of drying temperatures and the textural properties of the marbles. Based on the test results, the salt crystallization with the drying temperature of 100 degrees C causes significant damage to all marbles. However, the drying temperature of the test at 60 degrees C gives rise to moderate damage, whereas the drying of the marbles at 30 degrees C gives the least damage. Therefore, the drying temperature of the salt crystallization tests should be less than 60 degrees C and preferably around 30 degrees C in order to avoid additional thermal effects on marbles. Furthermore, the fine-gained Milas pearl marble with irregular grain boundary is found to be the most resistant one against the salt crystallization.