Different Strategies of Housing Design


Creative Commons License

Çakmaklı A. B. (Editor)

Intech Open, London, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book / Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Intech Open
  • City: London

Abstract

In a perfect human settlement - providing food, shelter, communications,

employment, an efficient environment for the occupants’ better performance - all

human needs are satisfied without significantly polluting or destroying the natural

environment. The depletion and degradation of natural resources and their effects,

diseases, and disasters must be taken into consideration. This is a global problem

so there must be cooperation. The contents of this book are based on the different

architectural strategies that aim to achieve a low-energy, healthy, and sustainable

built environment using the extensive experience of the authors, researchers, and

scientists in architecture, planning, and construction.

In addition to covering primer passive design principles in different climatic

conditions through examples, the book devotes sections to different sustainability

point of views: environmental, social, and economic. Determining the needed

strategy according to function, economy, and occupant comfort and affordability is

the crucial step. Creating a framework for designing and building sustainable and

durable structures is important in order to reduce carbon emissions and operation

costs. This book helps the reader achieve a sustainable development without

destruction of the resources while also growing a universal awareness of protecting

the living and non-living environment.

The book contains an introductory chapter and four chapters authored by several

academicians and researchers in the housing field. Within every chapter, the reader

will be given an overview of determined parameters on the subject and, in many

cases, a description of the authors’ original proposed solution. The content of the

book is organized as follows:

Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter: Healthy and Affordable Housing

Strategies

This chapter focuses on healthy housing due to the sustainable design strategies

not having any harmful results on human and environmental health. This chapter

shows that according to sustainability criteria, not only the environmental

responsiveness but also social and economic responsiveness should be taken into

consideration.

Chapter 2: Effects of Street Geometry on Airflow Regimes for Natural

Ventilation in Three Different Street Configurations in Enugu City

In this chapter, efficient natural ventilation, according to the micro climate

conditions of an urban environment, is analyzed. Two different regions

(recirculation region and ventilated region) in an urban street have different

characteristics because of the flow and the street geometry. This chapter looks at

these regions of airflow cultivation in a high-density residential settlement in a

tropical African city as a case study.

XIV

Chapter 3: Fundamentals of Natural Ventilation Design within

Dwellings

This chapter presents the parameters that are intricate to occupant satisfaction;

such as acoustical, lighting, indoor air quality, and thermal comfort. These occupant

phase issues are generally ignored by the designers and constructers. It is stated

in this chapter that natural ventilation is an excellent alternative to achieve an

adequate indoor environment in a sustainable manner.

Chapter 4: Comprehensive Strategy for Sustainable Housing Design

Sustainable housing strategies, maximizing occupants’ well-being, and minimizing

the environmental load are the main concern of this chapter. In order to create a

framework for this phenomenon, the author(s) generated a sustainability checklist

and design guidelines. The chapter also presents a comprehensive visualization in

order to adjust sustainable housing design to suit different and changing situations.

Chapter 5: Social Innovation and Environmental Sustainability in Social

Housing Policies: Learning from Two Experimental Case Studies in Italy

The chapter discusses approaches and solutions developed by social housing in

contemporary cities, using two Italian case studies. By analyzing housing strategies

in a broader perspective in terms of its procedural dimension, the author(s)

focus on two Italian social housing case studies. The important measures such as

temporariness, flexibility, and the coordination are examined. The social, planning,

architectural, and environmental quality of these two cases are represented.

Chapter 6: Socioeconomic Influences on Affordable Housing Residents:

Problem Definition and Possible Solutions

The last chapter focuses on socioeconomic status (SES) as a powerful social

determinant of health. After defining affordable housing, the author(s) discuss the

future developments to improve the long-term health outcomes of these individuals

and families due to survey data and geographical analysis. At the end they propose

solutions to identify potential changes to affordable housing to promote

Summing up the issues presented in the book, it is directed at academic researchers,

practitioners, and students in the housing and construction field. This book is

the result of many collaborating parties. I gratefully acknowledge the assistance

provided by Gordon Tot and Ivan Butkovic, Author Service Managers, and thank

all the authors who contributed to this volume.

September 2019

Dr. Aysem Berrin Cakmakli

Middle East Technical University,

Ankara, Turkey