Archaeogenetics of Late Iron Age Cemialo Srt, Batman: Investigating maternal genetic continuity in north Mesopotamia since the Neolithic


Yaka R., Birand A., Yilmaz Y., Caner C., Acan S. C. , Gunduzalp S., ...More

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, vol.166, no.1, pp.196-207, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 166 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ajpa.23423
  • Journal Name: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.196-207
  • Keywords: Achaemenid Period, ancient DNA, Cemialo Srt, demographic history, Lower Garzan Basin, mitochondrial DNA, Neolithic, north Mesopotamia, HAPLOGROUP-H, NEAR-EASTERN, ANCIENT DNA, WEST ASIA, MITOCHONDRIAL, SEQUENCE, REVEALS, CLIMATE, EUROPE, DIVERSITY

Abstract

ObjectivesNorth Mesopotamia has witnessed dramatic social change during the Holocene, but the impact of these events on its demographic history is poorly understood. Here, we study this question by analysing genetic data from the recently excavated Late Iron Age settlement of Cemialo Srt in Batman, southeast Turkey. Archaeological and radiocarbon evidence indicate that the site was inhabited during the second and first millennia BCE. Cemialo Srt reveals nomadic items of the Early Iron Age, as well as items associated with the Late Achaemenid and subsequent Hellenistic Periods. We compare Cemialo Srt mitochondrial DNA profiles with earlier and later populations from west Eurasia to describe genetic continuity patterns in the region.