Epithelial Wnt secretion drives the progression of inflammation-induced colon carcinoma in murine model


Degirmenci B., Dincer C., DEMİREL H. C. , Berkova L., Moor A. E. , Kahraman A., ...More

ISCIENCE, vol.24, no.12, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.isci.2021.103369
  • Title of Journal : ISCIENCE

Abstract

Colon cancer is initiated by stem cells that escape the strict control. This process is often driven through aberrant activation of Wnt signaling by mutations in components acting downstream of the receptor complex that unfetter tumor cells from the need for Wnts. Here we describe a class of colon cancer that does not depend on mutated core components of the Wnt pathway. Genetically blocking Wnt secretion from epithelial cells of such tumors results in apoptosis, reduced expression of colon cancer markers, followed by enhanced tumor differentiation. In contrast to the normal colonic epithelium, such tumor cells autosecrete Wnts to maintain their uncontrolled proliferative behavior. In humans, we determined certain cases of colon cancers in which the Wnt pathway is hyperactive, but not through mutations in its core components. Our findings illuminate the path in therapy to find further subtypes of Wnt-dependent colon cancer that might be to Wnt secretion inhibitors.