The design of today's high performance synchronous motors must take into account not only the steady state but also practically inevitable dynamic regimes. In such conditions an accurate predetermination of the parameters and constructive solution by modeling and simulation of the given dynamic operation, becomes a mandatory step. In this aim, in the present paper a novel mathematical model of the high power salient pole synchronous machine (SPSM) is elaborated. We proposed to consider especially the effects of the magnetic saturation and saliency. The qualitative and quantitative results show an important number of valuable information in the design stage of the synchronous machine.