Shatis 17’ 4th International Conference on Structural Health Assessment of Timber Structures , İstanbul, Turkey, 19 - 22 September 2017, pp.143-157
Keywords: Conservation, Timber-Frame Structural System, Hagia Triada Church, Ayvalık Abstract Intoduction: This paper has emerged within the scope of "Design in Architectural Conservation" course of METU, Department of Architecture, Graduate Program in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in the fall semester of 2017. This paper aims to reveal the various structural and ornamental uses of timber and analyze the construction details of Hagia Triada Church. Hagia Triada, a 19th century Greek Orthodox Church in Ayvalık was examined. Developments: Hagia Triada Church is located in Ayvalık which was an important Greek settlement during 18th and 19th century. The church was built in 1846 as the last church of 11 churches settled in the town. It has a basilical plan with three naves and a gallery floor above the narthex located in west. Composite system applied to the building, stone masonry and timber frame structure is used together. Main outer walls and narthex were constructed with the stone masonry while the roof and gallery floor were constructed with the timber frame. In addition, roof structure is carried by monolithic timber columns which divide the naves and the roof structure is covered by ornamented timber ceilings. Since the church is mostly demolished, construction techniques that have very rare characteristics of timber system can be observed in a detailed way. Remarks and Conclusion: The Hagia Triada Church reflects the details of craftsmanship, timber construction system and techniques, material usage and artistic features of its period. This is very important in terms of documentation because all the information on timber construction technique of its period is gathered with detailed examination and documentation. Therefore, the examination and documentation of the building gains more importance to conserve it and transfer in it to future generations.