Distribution of dissolved forms of iron and manganese in the Black Sea


YEMENİCİOĞLU S., Erdogan S., Tugrul S.

DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, vol.53, pp.1842-1855, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.03.014
  • Journal Name: DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1842-1855
  • Keywords: Black Sea, iron, manganese, suboxic zone, OXIC ANOXIC INTERFACE, CIRCULATION, NITROGEN, METALS, OXYGEN

Abstract

Dissolved forms of the redox-sensitive elements manganese (Mn-DISS) and iron (Fe(II) and Fe(III)) were measured in the oxic/anoxic transition zone, or suboxic zone, of the Black Sea. An offset was found between dissolved manganese and iron gradients at all stations. In the western cyclonic gyre of the Black Sea, the onset of dissolved Mn (> 0.1 mu M) was located at a density of about sigma(t) = 15.85, where the concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) was less than 5 mu M. The onset of dissolved Fe(II) (> 0.025 mu M) was at sigma(t) = 15.90, just above the increases in hydrogen sulfide. These characteristic features were modified in the southern coastal waters by such physical processes as the rim current, formation of anticyclonic eddies, and injection of saline, oxygenated Marmara Sea waters from the Bosporus in the Bosporus Plume. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.