Impacts Of Recently Developed Squatter Settlements Transformation Projects On Urban Heat Islands: A Comperative Study In The City Of Ankara,


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Çakmaklı A. B. , Baş Bütüner F.

Beyond All Limits Congress : InternationalCongress On Sustainability In Architecture, Planning And Design, Ankara, Turkey, 17 - 19 October 2018, vol.1, pp.220-225

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.220-225

Abstract

Urban redevelopment projects, in various scales and scopes, have recently emerged as major operations that have (re)shaped urban fabric of Turkish cities. The city of Ankara, being the capital of Turkey, has dramatically experienced urban redevelopment projects including squatter settlement transformation that has raised large scale clearances and constructions in different parts of the city.  Squatter settlements, lacking of infrastructure and basic urban services, were replaced by residential blocks. The newly proposed housing development has been raised as a model with upgraded infrastructure, designed landscape and paved roads; and quickly became an ideal for all squatter settlements in Turkey. However, the effect of these newly developed residential districts on urban heat island (UHI) has been rarely discussed. In this regard, this paper intends to discuss the impacts of the urban transformation projects on urban climate by particularly focusing on Yeni Mamak housing development district in Ankara. The paper will be grounded on a comparative study based on the former and current settlement fabric of the area. In doing so, it is intended to reveal the critical role of the newly developed housing areas in mitigating the impacts of the UHI.