Monitoring of pollution in the western Black Sea coast of Turkey by striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus)

BOZCAARMUTLU A., Sapmaz C., Kaleli-Can G., Turna S., Aygun Z., Arinc E.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.192, no.9, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 192 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-020-08509-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts


The striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) is an economically important demersal fish species. In this study, our aim was to monitor the pollution in the western Black Sea coast of Turkey using striped red mullet as a bioindicator species. Fish samples were caught from four different locations in the western Black Sea coast of Turkey in 2006, 2009-2011, and 2016. Highly elevated cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A)-related 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activities were measured in striped red mullet caught from Zonguldak Harbor in all of the sampling years. The lowest EROD activities were measured in fish samples caught from Kefken. In addition to the EROD activity measurements, glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase, and catalase activities were also measured in the striped red mullet samples. Higher GST and catalase activities were measured in the striped red mullet samples caught from Zonguldak Harbor than from Kefken in 2016. These results indicate that the striped red mullet is responsive to CYP1A inducer pollutants. This study covers intermittent measurements of the biomonitoring data from the striped red mullet caught around the western Black Sea coast of Turkey, over a 10-year period.