Biochar-mediated transformation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles concerning TiO(2)NPs-biochar interactions, plant traits and tissue accumulation to cell translocation


Abbas Q., Yousaf B. , Munir M. A. M. , Cheema A. I. , Hussain I., Rinklebe J.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, vol.270, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 270
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.116077
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
  • Keywords: TiO(2)NPs, Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Phytotoxicity, Ti accumulation and translocation, Photosynthesis activity, BASIL OCIMUM BASILICUM, TIO2 NANOPARTICLES, SILVER NANOPARTICLES, OXIDE NANOPARTICLES, CEO2 NANOPARTICLES, PARTICLE-SIZE, HUMIC-ACID, TOXICITY, NANO-TIO2, GROWTH

Abstract

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2)NPs) application in variety of commercial products would likely release these NPs into the environment. The interaction of TiO(2)NPs with terrestrial plants upon uptake can disturb plants functional traits and can also transfer to the food chain members. In this study, we investigated the impact of TiO(2)NPs on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants functional traits, primary macronutrients assimilation, and change in the profile of bio-macromolecule. Moreover, the mechanism of biochar-TiO(2)NPs interaction, immobilization, and tissue accumulation to cell translocation of NPs in plants was also explored. The results indicated that the contents of Ti in wheat tissues was reduced about 3-fold and the Ti transfer rate (per day) was reduced about 2 fold at the 1000 mg L-1 exposure level of TiO(2)NPs in biochar amended exposure medium. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with elemental mapping confirmed that Ti concentrated in plant tissues in nano-form. The interactive effect of TiO(2)NPs thorn biochar amendment on photosynthesis related and gas exchange traits was observed at relatively low TiO(2)NPs exposure level (200 mg L-1), which induced the positive impact on wheat plants proliferation. TiO(2)NPs alone exposure to wheat also modified the plant's bio-macromolecules profile with the reduction in the assimilation of primary macronutrients, which could affect the food crop nutritional value and quality. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) chemical analysis of biochar thorn TiO(2)NPs showed an additional peak, which indicated the binding interaction of NPs with biochar. Moreover, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the biochar carboxyl group is the main functionality involved in the bonding process with TiO(2)NPs. These findings will help for a mechanistic understanding of the role of biochar in the reduction of NPs bioavailability to primary producers of the terrestrial environment. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.