Surface channel patterned and endothelialized poly(glycerol sebacate) based elastomers


Tevlek A., Topuz B., ÇETİN E., AYDIN H. M.

JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/08853282221085798
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS
  • Keywords: Poly(glycerol sebacate), lazer ablation, surface pattern, endothelial cells, HUVECs, POLY GLYCEROL-SEBACATE, ENZYMATIC DEGRADATION, IN-VITRO, STEM-CELLS, VASCULARIZATION, STRATEGIES, FABRICATION, SCAFFOLDS, SYSTEM, PGS

Abstract

Prevascularization of tissue equivalents is critical for fulfilling the need for sufficient vascular organization for nutrient and gas transport. Hence, endothelial cell culture on biomaterials is of great importance for researchers. Numerous alternate strategies have been suggested in this sense, with cell-based methods being the most commonly employed. In this study, poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) elastomers with varying crosslinking ratios were synthesized and their surfaces were patterned with channels by using laser ablation technique. In order to determine an ideal material for cell culture studies, the elastomers were subsequently mechanically, chemically, and biologically characterized. Following that, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were seeded into the channels established on the PGS membranes and cultured under various culture conditions to establish the optimal culture parameters. Lastly, the endothelial cell responses to the synthesized PGS elastomers were evaluated. Remarkable cell proliferation and impressive cellular organizations were noticed on the constructs created as part of the investigation. On the concrete output of this research, arrangements in various geometries can be created by laser ablation method and the effects of various molecules, drugs or agents on endothelial cells can be evaluated. The platforms produced can be employed as an intermediate biomaterial layer containing endothelial cells for vascularization of tissue-engineered structures, particularly in layer-by-layer tissue engineering approaches.