A comparison of the endurance training responses to road and sand running in high school and college students

Yigit S., Tuncel F.

JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, vol.12, no.2, pp.79-81, 1998 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.79-81
  • Keywords: VO2 max, vertical jump, thigh circumference, calf circumference


This study compared the physical and physiological alterations that occurred in male high school and college students as a result of a 6-week endurance training program. Fifty-one students, ages 15 to 21, were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: road (n = 14), sand (n = 19), or control group (n = 18). The 12-min run/walk test, vertical jump (VI), and thigh and calf circumference were measured pre-and posttraining. One-way ANOVA, paired t-test, and Tukey test were used to evaluate the effects of training. Sand runners and road runners had a similar significant (p < 0.05) increase in thigh circumference. Calf circumference increased significantly in sand runners. Both treatment groups showed a similar significant increase in vertical jump. The 12-min run/walk was significantly increased in sand runners. This study shows that a 6-week sand running program may result in the most physiological and performance changes in young men.