Biologically Functional Ultrathin Films Made of Zwitterionic Block Copolymer Micelles


Ulusan S. , Bütün V., Banerjee S. , Erel Göktepe İ.

LANGMUIR, cilt.35, ss.1156-1171, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

We report the preparation of ultrathin coatings of zwitterionic block copolymer micelles and a comparison of their protein adsorption, adhesiveness, and antibacterial properties. Zwitterionic block copolymer micelles were obtained through pH-induced self-assembly of poly[3-dimethyl(methacryloyloxyethyl)-ammonium propanesulfonate-b-2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (beta PDMA-b-PDPA) at pH 7.5. beta PDMA-b-PDPA micelles with zwitterionic beta PDMA-corona and pH-responsive PDPA-core were then used as building blocks to prepare layer-by-layer (LbL) assembled multilayer films together with hyaluronic acid (HA), tannic acid (TA), or poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS). Protein adsorption tests showed that 3-layer beta PDMA-b-PDPA micelles/HA films were the most effective to reduce the adhesion of BSA, lysozyme, ferritin, and casein. In contrast, beta PDMA-b-PDPA micelles/TA films were the most attractive surfaces for protein adsorption. Bacterial antiadhesive tests against a model Gram-negative bacterium, Escherichia coli, and a model Gram-positive bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, were in good agreement with the protein adsorption properties of the films. The differences in the antiadhesive properties between these three different film systems are discussed within the context of chemical nature- and the functional chemical groups of the polyanions, layer number, and surface morphology of the films. Multilayers were found to lose their antiadhesiveness in the long term. However, by taking advantage of the pH-responsive hydrophobic micellar cores, we show that an antibacterial agent could be loaded into the micelles and multilayers could exhibit antibacterial activity in the long term especially at moderately acidic conditions. In contrast to antiadhesive properties, no significant differences were recorded in the antibacterial properties between the different film types.