Emission characterization and delta C-13 values of parent PAHs and nitro-PAHs in size-segregated particulate matters from coal-fired power plants


Wang R., Yousaf B., Sun R., Zhang H., Zhang J., Liu G.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.318, pp.487-496, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 318
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.07.030
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.487-496
  • Keywords: PAHs Coal-fired power plant (CFPP), Size-segregated PMs, Source assessment, delta C-13 values, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, FINE ORGANIC AEROSOL, ATHABASCA OIL SANDS, SOURCE APPORTIONMENT, ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION, DIAGNOSTIC RATIOS, SOURCE IDENTIFICATION, GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY, TRACE-ELEMENTS, FLUIDIZED-BED

Abstract

The objective of this study was to characterize parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pPAHs) and their nitrated derivatives (NPAHs) in coarse (PM2.5-10), intermediate (PW1-2.5) and fine (PM1) particulate matters emitted from coal-fired power plants (CFPPs) in Huainan, China. The diagnostic ratios and the stable carbon isotopic approaches to characterize individual PAHs were applied in order to develop robust tools for tracing the origins of PAHs in different size-segregated particular matters (PMs) emitted CFPP coal combustion. The concentrations of PAH compounds in flue gas emissions varied greatly, depending on boiler types, operation and air pollution control device (APCD) conditions. Both pPAHs and NPAHs were strongly enriched in PM1-2.5 and PM1. In contrary to low molecular weight (LMW) PAHs, high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs were more enriched in finer PMs. The PAH diagnostic ratios in size-segregated PMs are small at most cases, highlighting their potential application in tracing CFPP emitted PAHs attached to different sizes of PMs. Yet, substantial uncertainty still exists to directly apply PAH diagnostic ratios as emission tracers. Although the stable carbon isotopic composition of PAH molecular was useful in differentiating coal combustion emissions from other sources such as biomass combustion and vehicular exhausts, it was not feasible to differentiate isotopic fractionation processes such as low-temperature carbonization, high-temperature carbonization, gasification and combustion. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.