S. Agir, Institutions and Business Organizations in the Late Ottoman Empire and Early Turkish Republic

Ağır M. S.

in: BUSINESS, ETHICS AND EVOLUTION OF TURKISH CAPITALISM IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES , Aslı Colpan,Geoffrey Hodgson, Editor, Routledge, London/New York , New York, pp.23-50, 2020

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Publisher: Routledge, London/New York 
  • City: New York
  • Page Numbers: pp.23-50
  • Editors: Aslı Colpan,Geoffrey Hodgson, Editor


This chapter examines historical factors shaping the adoption and spread of business organizational forms in Turkey and their implications for economic development and social welfare. In particular, it focuses on the institutions—legal and moral codes—defining the responsibilities and opportunities associated with business activity in the late Ottoman Empire and the way they shaped the later evolution of business law and culture in Turkey. Through this analysis, the chapter will highlight pecu- liarities of the Turkish case by referring to other cases without o ering a fully fledged comparison. Thus, it aims to present the peculiarities of the Turkish case in a way that would support or challenge generaliza- tions about institutional conditions of a welfare-enhancing business environment