The effect of chemical admixtures and mineral additives on the properties of self-compacting mortars

Sahmaran M., Christianto H., Yaman I.

CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, vol.28, no.5, pp.432-440, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2005.12.003
  • Page Numbers: pp.432-440
  • Keywords: self-compacting concrete, self-compacting mortar, chemical admixtures, mineral additives, ternary mixtures, FLY-ASH, LIMESTONE, CONCRETE, CEMENT


Mortar serves as the basis for the workability properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC) and these properties could be assessed by self-compacting mortars (SCM). In fact, assessing the properties of SCM is an integral part of SCC design. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various mineral additives and chemical admixtures in producing SCMs. For this purpose, four mineral additives (fly ash, brick powder, limestone powder, and kaolinite), three superplasticizers (SP), and two viscosity modifying admixtures (VMA) were used. Within the scope of the experimental program, 43 mixtures of SCM were prepared keeping the amount of mixing water and total powder content (portland cement and mineral additives) constant. Workability of the fresh mortar was determined using mini V-funnel and mini slump flow tests. The setting time of the mortars, were also determined. The hardened properties that were determined included ultrasonic pulse velocity and strength determined at 28 and 56 days. It was concluded that among the mineral additives used, fly ash and limestone powder significantly increased the workability of SCMs. On the other hand, especially fly ash significantly increased the setting time of the mortars, which can, however, be eliminated through the use of ternary mixtures, such as mixing fly ash with limestone powder. The two polycarboxyl based SPs yield approximately the same workability and the melamine formaldehyde based SP was not as effective as the other two. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.