A Self-Adapting Synchronized-Switch Interface Circuit for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters

Chamanian S., Muhtaroglu A., KÜLAH H.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, vol.35, no.1, pp.901-912, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tpel.2019.2910410
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.901-912
  • Keywords: Maximum power point tracker (MPPT), piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH), self-adapting synchronized-switch harvesting (SA-SSH), self-adapting, vibration, RECTIFIER
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents a self-adapting synchronized-switch harvesting (SA-SSH) interface circuit to extract energy from vibration-based piezoelectric energy harvesters (PEHs). The implemented circuit utilizes a novel switching technique to recycle optimum amount of harvested charge on piezoelectric capacitance to strengthen the damping force, and simultaneously achieve load-independent energy extraction with a single inductor. Charge recycling is realized by adjusting extraction time, and optimized through a maximum power point tracker based on charge-flipping dissipation. The circuit has been implemented using 180 nm HV CMOS technology with 0.9 x 0.6 mm(2) active area. Self-adapting SSH circuit has been validated with both macro-scaled and MEMS PEHs with different inductor values. The interface circuit provides maximum energy extraction for the full storage voltage range of 1.8-3.7 V. The implementation harnesses have 500% more power compared to an ideal full-bridge rectifier, and output 3.4 mu W for 2.24V peak-to-peak open-circuit piezoelectric voltage from MEMS PEH excited at its resonant frequency.