© 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, London.Ağlasun is a rural area in Burdur, on the west Mediterranean Region in Turkey. Most of the buildings in Ağlasun is built with the materials provided from the local resources except the ones effected from the industry of reinforced concrete. The commonly used materials in the vernacular constructions are mud-brick and stone. The specialty that makes the earthen buildings in Ağlasun unique is their respectable structural condition although they are more than 60 years old. Plan layout of the buildings which represents the economic and social life shaped according to the needs of local people. Therefore, this text aims to understand the characteristics of earthen buildings by focusing on the construction technique and plan layout of earthen buildings in Ağlasun and make a contribution to the awareness of the conservation of vernacular earthen architecture in its changing context.