Investigation of the Applicability of AASHTO LRFD Live Load Distribution equations for Integral Bridge Substructures

Erhan S., DİCLELİ M.

ADVANCES IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, vol.12, no.4, pp.559-578, 2009 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1260/136943309789508500
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.559-578


In this study, applicability of the AASHTO LRFD girder live load distribution equations (LLDEs) for integral bridge (IB) abutments and piles is investigated. For this Purpose, numerous 3-D and corresponding 2-D structural models of typical IBs are built and analyzed under AASHTO LRFD live load. In the analyses, the effect of various superstructure properties such as span length, slab thickness, girder spacing and stiffness are considered. The results from the 2-D and 3-D analyses are then used to calculate the live load distribution factors (LLDFs) for the abutments and piles of IBs as a function of the above mentioned properties. The analyses results revealed that using AASHTO LRFD LLDEs result in generally unconservative estimates of live load moment in the abutments. However, AASHTO LRFD LLDEs are found to produce exceedingly conservative estimates of live load shear in the abutments as well as live load shear and moment in the piles.