Investigation of the Applicability of AASHTO LRFD Live Load Distribution equations for Integral Bridge Substructures


Erhan S., DİCLELİ M.

ADVANCES IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, cilt.12, ss.559-578, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 12 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1260/136943309789508500
  • Dergi Adı: ADVANCES IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.559-578

Özet

In this study, applicability of the AASHTO LRFD girder live load distribution equations (LLDEs) for integral bridge (IB) abutments and piles is investigated. For this Purpose, numerous 3-D and corresponding 2-D structural models of typical IBs are built and analyzed under AASHTO LRFD live load. In the analyses, the effect of various superstructure properties such as span length, slab thickness, girder spacing and stiffness are considered. The results from the 2-D and 3-D analyses are then used to calculate the live load distribution factors (LLDFs) for the abutments and piles of IBs as a function of the above mentioned properties. The analyses results revealed that using AASHTO LRFD LLDEs result in generally unconservative estimates of live load moment in the abutments. However, AASHTO LRFD LLDEs are found to produce exceedingly conservative estimates of live load shear in the abutments as well as live load shear and moment in the piles.