Temperature-dependent optical characteristics of sputtered NiO thin films

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Terlemezoglu M., Surucu O., Isik M., Hasanli N., Parlak M.

APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, vol.128, no.1, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 128 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00339-021-05197-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Keywords: Transparent conductive oxide, Nickel oxide, Thin film, Optical properties, HOLE TRANSPORTING LAYER, GAPS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, nickel oxide thin films were deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis methods were applied to reveal the structural and morphological properties of sputtered thin films. The XRD pattern of films confirmed the presence of the cubic phase of nickel oxide with the preferential orientation of (200) direction. The surface morphology of thin films was observed as almost uniform and smooth. Optical aspects of sputtered film were studied by employing the room temperature Raman and temperature-dependent transmittance spectroscopy techniques in the range of 10-300 K. Tauc relation and derivative spectroscopy techniques were applied to obtain the band gap energy of the films. In addition, the relation between the band gap energy and the temperature was investigated in detail considering the Varshni optical model. The absolute zero band gap energy, rate of change of band gap energy, and Debye temperature were obtained as 3.57 eV, - 2.77 x 10(-4) eV/K and 393 K, respectively.