In this research four hyperbranched resins having fatty acid residues were synthesized. Dipentaerythritol, which was used as the core molecule of the resins, was twice esterified with dimethylol propionic acid. This resin was then esterified with the castor oil fatty acids. The hydroxyl group present in the ricinoleic acid which constitutes almost 87% of the castor oil fatty acids was then reacted with linseed oil fatty acids and benzoic acid. The linseed fatty acids were incorporated into the structure to esterify 0, 15, and 70% of the ricinoleic acid on mole basis. These resins were named as HBR-1, 2, and 3. A fourth resin (e.g. HBR-4) was synthesized by the incorporation of 15% linseed fatty acids + 55% benzoic acid'. The chemical characterization of the resins was achieved by FTIR spectroscopy and the thermal properties were determined by DSC. The physical and the mechanical properties of the resins were determined. The hardness value of the resins was measured as 24, 277 25, and 68 Persoz for HBR-1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. The viscosity of the resins was measured as 17.3, 9.7, 5.8, and 17.5 Pa(.)s at a shear rate of 200 s(-1). The increase in the amount of the linseed fatty acids increased the hardness, and decreased the viscosity of the resins. All resins showed excellent adhesion, gloss, and flexibility. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.