Quantum Dot/Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cell Hybrid Device and Mechanism of Its Operation


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Frohleiks J., Wepfer S., Kelestemur Y., Demir H. V. , Bacher G., Nannen E.

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, vol.8, no.37, pp.24692-24698, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 37
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsami.6b06833
  • Journal Name: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24692-24698
  • Keywords: quantum dots, light-emitting electrochemical cell, iTMC, LEC, hybrid device, electron injection, Forster resonant energy transfer, CATIONIC IRIDIUM COMPLEXES, TRANSITION-METAL COMPLEX, ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICES, BLUE-GREEN, CONJUGATED POLYMER, ENERGY-TRANSFER, EFFICIENT, DIODES, BRIGHT, EMISSION
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

A new type of light-emitting hybrid device based on colloidal quantum dots (QDs) and an ionic transition metal complex (iTMC) light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC) is introduced. The developed hybrid devices show light emission from both active layers, which are combined in a stacked geometry. Time-resolved photoluminescence experiments indicate that the emission is controlled by direct charge injection into both the iTMC and the QD layer. The turn-on time (time to reach 1 cd/m(2)) at constant voltage operation is significantly reduced from 8 min in the case of the reference LEC down to subsecond in the case of the hybrid device. Furthermore, luminance and efficiency of the hybrid device are enhanced compared to reference LEC directly after device turn-on by a factor of 400 and 650, respectively. We attribute these improvements to an increased electron injection efficiency into the iTMC directly after device turn-on.