Effects of inflow boundary layer on the wake of a radially non-uniform porous disk

Abdulrahim A., Akpolat M. T., Hassanein A., PERÇİN M., UZOL O.

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol.13, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/5.0045404
  • Journal Name: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Author(s).This study presents the results of an experimental investigation focusing on the effects of the inflow boundary layer on the wake characteristics of a 0.12 m diameter porous disk with radially non-uniform porosity in terms of mean flow, turbulence, and wake scaling. Two-dimensional two-component particle image velocimetry measurements within the wake are performed up to 7.5 diameters downstream as the disk is lowered deeper into a boundary layer that is representative of a neutral atmospheric boundary layer over a flat terrain. Results show that otherwise symmetrical wake velocity profiles that exist outside the boundary layer get skewed and sheared around the disk centerline in the boundary layer due to the inflow wind shear. The turbulent kinetic energy, its production, and Reynolds shear stress levels in the wake get asymmetrical around the centerline of the disk such that the production of turbulent kinetic energy is observed to be higher above centerline. Due to the inflow shear, the wake centerline gets shifted downwards (i.e., toward the wind tunnel wall), which is in contrast to the observations on real wind turbine wakes in the literature where the wake actually lifts up. The asymmetrical and skewed velocity profiles both in the streamwise and cross-stream directions can be collapsed onto a single function by using proper wake scaling parameters based on the ratio of local strain to average strain within the velocity profile calculated separately for either side of the wake.